Kids Dental Problems

 Tooth decay

One of the prevalent dental issues in children is tooth decay, also referred to as cavities. This occurs when oral bacteria produce acids that harm the tooth enamel, forming cavities.

 Thumb sucking

Thumb sucking is a prevalent habit among young children that can cause dental problems. Prolonged thumb sucking can lead to teeth or jaw misalignment, resulting in an overbite or an open bite.


Malocclusion is the improper alignment of teeth, resulting in a mismatched bite between the upper and lower teeth. This misalignment can lead to challenges in biting, chewing, and speaking.

 Gum disease

Gum disease, referred to as gingivitis, is a condition that can also manifest in children. It is characterised by inflammation of the gums, bleeding, and soreness. Poor oral hygiene, plaque build-up, and certain medical conditions can contribute to gum disease in children.


Bruxism is the habitual grinding or clenching of teeth, which can occur during sleep (sleep bruxism) or when awake (awake bruxism). This behaviour can result in tooth wear, jaw discomfort, headaches, and other dental issues.

 Tooth sensitivity

Certain children may encounter tooth sensitivity, experiencing discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and beverages. This sensitivity can stem from tooth enamel erosion or exposed tooth roots.

 Dental trauma

Accidents or injuries can result in dental trauma, such as tooth fractures, chipped teeth, or knocked-out teeth. Children participating in sports or engaging in rough play are more prone to dental trauma.

 Tooth crowding

Tooth crowding occurs when the mouth has insufficient space for all the permanent teeth to erupt properly. This can lead to crooked or overlapping teeth, which may require orthodontic treatment.

 Tongue thrusting

Tongue thrusting is an oral habit where the tongue exerts pressure against the front teeth during swallowing, speaking, or even at rest. This habit can result in dental issues like open bites or teeth misalignment.

 Dental infections

Dental infections can develop in children, often resulting from untreated tooth decay or dental injuries. They can cause severe pain, swelling, and abscess formation, requiring immediate dental treatment.