Braces are orthodontic devices are used to straighten misaligned teeth and correct various dental issues. Brackets are affixed to each tooth, accompanied by a connecting wire, frequently crafted from metal or alternative materials. Braces gradually move them into their desired positions by applying continuous, controlled pressure on the teeth. This process allows for correcting crooked teeth, overcrowding, gaps, and bite problems such as overbites and underbites. Braces come in different types, including traditional metal braces, ceramic braces that blend with the teeth, and lingual braces placed on the back for a more discreet appearance. The choice of braces depends on individual preferences and specific dental needs.

Types of Braces

  •  Traditional Metal Braces These represent the most easily identifiable form of braces. They comprise metal brackets attached to the teeth' front surface and linked together with metal wires. The wires can be held in position using elastic bands. Despite being noticeable, they are efficient and frequently offer a more economical choice than other alternatives.
  •  Ceramic Braces Resembling the structure of metal braces, ceramic braces employ tooth-coloured or transparent brackets, seamlessly blending with the teeth. This characteristic renders them less conspicuous than metal braces, making them a favoured option among individuals who prioritize aesthetics.
  •  Lingual Braces Lingual braces are positioned on the teeth' inner (lingual) surface, rendering them nearly imperceptible when viewed from the front. They work similarly to traditional braces but offer a discreet option for those who want less noticeable treatment.

When Does One Need Braces?

  •  Crooked or Misaligned Teeth Braces can effectively straighten teeth that are crooked, rotated, or positioned irregularly.
  •  Overcrowding Insufficient space within the jaw to accommodate all teeth adequately can result in crowding. Braces can generate room and effectively align the teeth.
  •  Gaps between Teeth Braces can close gaps between teeth caused by missing teeth or spacing issues.
  •  Overbite When the upper front teeth have a noticeable overlap with the lower front teeth, it's called an overbite. The use of braces can help to correct this issue.
  •  Underbite If the bottom front teeth stick out more than the top front teeth, it is called an underbite. Braces can help fix the alignment of the bite.
  •  Crossbite A crossbite occurs during biting when the upper teeth are situated inside the lower teeth. This alignment issue can be resolved through the application of braces.
  •  Open Bite An open bite is when there is a gap between the upper and lower front teeth when the back teeth are together. Braces can close this gap.
  •  Midline Discrepancies If the centerline of the upper and lower teeth doesn't match, braces can be used to align them.
  •  Impacted Teeth Teeth that haven't erupted properly due to being stuck in the jawbone can be guided into position with braces.
  •  Functional Issues Braces can improve speech, chewing, and oral function by correcting bite problems.